Teaching your furry new family member to go to the bathroom outside is all about patience, staying positive and keeping the same routine. Your puppy will be in a strange new environment and it will take some time for him to adjust. It can seem like a large task at first but don’t fret. This process can promote great habits and create a long lasting connection between you and your pet.
Long Term Goal
Expect the whole process to take at least six months, however in some cases it can be up to a year. There are a few things that can effect how long it will take to potty train your fluffy companion. How big is your dog? What was it like in their old home? Are you able to keep a strict schedule? The smaller the dog, the smaller the bladder. He will require trips to the bathroom more often. Breaking old habits is very difficult and can require more patience. The time you put in and schedule you keep also has a big impact on how quickly your pup learns.
Make sure you set your expectations. There will be setbacks in the process. If you continue to enforce a schedule where you let the dog out as soon as he shows signs and reward him with treats when he does go to the bathroom. You’ll have success.
When Should I Start?
A good time to start potty training your dog is sometime around 14 weeks old. This is where he will be old enough to control his bladder.
If your puppy is 3 months old and has already developed bad habits such as going to the bathroom in his cage or not learning how to hold his pee, then expect the road ahead to take much longer and be much more difficult.
Potty Training Tips
- Give your dog his own personal area whether it be a crate or his own room. As your puppy learns to go outside to do his business, you can slowly give him more freedom to explore around the house.
- You must not let the puppy free eat and keep him on a meal schedule that are consistent everyday.
- Take puppy out to go to the bathroom in the morning and then once every 45 minutes or so. Always take him outside after eating. Make sure he goes out last thing at night before bed time.
- Try and take the dog to the same spot every time you take him out. This helps him build a routine.
- Keep him company outside to make sure he does his business.
- When your puppy successfully goes to the bathroom outside, praise him and reward him with a treat.
Using A Crate
A crate can be a great tool for potty training your puppy. It helps teach him how to hold it and helps you keep an eye on him so he doesn’t sneak off and go to the bathroom somewhere in your house.
Ensure the crate is large enough for the puppy to stand, turn around, and lie down, but not big enough for him to use a corner as a bathroom.
If you are using the crate for an extended period of time, make sure the puppy has water to drink. If you can’t be home during the house training period, try and arrange someone else to visit and let him out to help him build his routine.
It is not recommended to use a crate if they puppy is regularly expelling inside. This could have several meanings: he may have brought bad habits home, he may not be getting enough exercise, the crate may be too large or he may not be old enough to begin the training process.
How To Know He Needs To Go
Constant whining, pacing, barking, scratching at the door, are all signs he needs to go. If he exhibits these behaviors you should take him out immediately.
Accidents happy very frequently with new puppies. The puppy is in a new environment and is very confused. It takes a long time to for them to adjust.
When your puppy does have an accident have patience. Keep your consistent training schedule. Only then if it still doesn’t seem to be working, ask a veterinarian to rule out a medical issue.
- Never punish your puppy for having an accident. All that results in is them being afraid of you.
- If you catch your puppy in the middle of an accident, make a loud noise like clapping to let them know they’ve done something wrong. Then take him outside immediately by calling him or taking him by leash.
- If you found the accident but didn’t see the dog go to the bathroom, don’t react angrily by yelling or rubbing his nose in it. Puppies aren’t intellectually capable of connecting your anger with their accident at such a young age.
- Staying outside longer with the puppy may help to curb accidents. He may need the extra time to explore and get everything out.
- Clean up accidents with an enzymatic cleaner rather than an ammonia-based cleaner to minimize smells that might attract the puppy back to the area. If the puppy continues to smell feces in that spot he will continue to go to the bathroom there and assume its ok.
Potty training a puppy takes time and commitment. Try not to lose your patience or get upset. When you feel your pet is having trouble, return to the basics. Stick to your plan and develop a routine. With positive reinforcement and love, your dog will begin to form proper habits and leave your living room floor mess free!